yeshql- YesQL-style SQL database abstraction

Copyright(c) 2015 Tobias Dammers
MaintainerTobias Dammers <>
Safe HaskellNone



License: MIT

Unlike existing libraries such as Esqueleto or Persistent, YeshQL does not try to provide full SQL abstraction with added type safety; instead, it gives you some simple tools to write the SQL queries yourself and bind them to (typed) functions.


The main workhorses are the yesh1 (to define one query) and yesh (to define multiple queries) quasi-quoters.

Both yesh and yesh1 can produce either declarations or expressions, depending on the context in which they are used.

Creating Declarations

When used at the top level, or inside a where block, the yesh and yesh1 quasi-quoters will declare one or more functions, according to the query names given in the query definition. Example:

    -- name:insertUser :: (Integer)
    -- :name :: String
    INSERT INTO users (name) VALUES (:name) RETURNING id |]

...will create a top-level function of type:

    insertUser :: IConnection conn => conn -> String -> IO [Integer]


Because SQL itself does not *quite* provide enough information to generate a fully typed Haskell function, we extend SQL syntax a bit.

Here's what a typical YeshQL definition looks like:

    -- name:insertUser :: (Integer)
    -- :name :: String
    INSERT INTO users (name) VALUES (:name) RETURNING id;
    -- name:deleteUser :: Integer
    -- :id :: Integer
    DELETE FROM users WHERE id = :id;
    -- name:getUser :: (Integer, String)
    -- :id :: Integer
    SELECT id, name FROM users WHERE id = :id;
    -- name:getUserEx :: (Integer, String)
    -- :id :: Integer
    -- :filename :: String
    SELECT id, name FROM users WHERE name = :filename OR id = :id;

On top of standard SQL syntax, YeshQL query definitions are preceded by some extra information in order to generate well-typed HDBC queries. All that information is written in SQL line comments (-- ...), such that a valid YeshQL definition is also valid SQL by itself (with the exception of parameters, which follow the pattern :paramName).

Let's break it down:

    -- name:insertUser :: (Integer)

This line tells YeshQL to generate an object called insertUser, which should be a function of type IConnection conn => conn -> {...} -> IO (Integer) (where the {...} part depends on query parameters, see below).

The declared return type can be one of the following:

  • '()'; the generated function will ignore any and all results from the query and always return '()'.
  • An integer scalar, e.g. Integer or Int; the generated function will return a row count from INSERT UPDATE ... statements, or 0 from SELECT statements.
  • A tuple, where all elements implement FromSql; the function will return the result set from a SELECT query as a list of tuples, or an empty list for other query types.
  • A "one-tuple", i.e., a type in parentheses. The return value will be a list of scalars, containing the values from the first (or only) column in the result set. Note that, unlike Haskell, YeshQL does distinguish between Type and (Type): the former is a scalar type, while the latter is a one-tuple whose only element is of type Type.
    -- :paramName :: Type

Declares a Haskell type for a parameter. The parameter :paramName can then be referenced zero or more times in the query itself, and will appear in the generated function signature in the order of declaration. So in the above example, the last query definition:

    -- name:getUserEx :: (Integer, String)
    -- :id :: Integer
    -- :filename :: String
    SELECT id, name FROM users WHERE name = :filename OR id = :id;

...will produce the function:

getUserEx :: IConnection conn => conn -> Integer -> String -> IO [(Integer, String)]
getUserEx conn id filename =
    -- ... generated implementation left out



yesh :: QuasiQuoter Source

Generate top-level declarations or expressions for several SQL queries.

yesh1 :: QuasiQuoter Source

Generate a top-level declaration or an expression for a single SQL query.

data ParsedQuery Source




pqQueryName :: String
pqQueryString :: String
pqParamsRaw :: [(String, ParsedType)]
pqParamNames :: [String]
pqParamTypes :: Map String ParsedType
pqReturnType :: Either ParsedType [ParsedType]
pqDocComment :: String