pandoc-crossref: Pandoc filter for cross-references

[ gpl, library, program, text ] [ Propose Tags ]

pandoc-crossref is a pandoc filter for numbering figures, equations, tables and cross-references to them.

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Dependencies base (>=4.2 && <5), bytestring (>=0.9 && <0.11), containers (>=0.1 && <0.6), data-default (>=0.4 && <0.6), mtl (>=1.1 && <2.3), pandoc (>=1.13 && <1.14), pandoc-types (>= && <1.13), yaml (>=0.8 && <0.9) [details]
License GPL-2.0-only
Author Nikolay Yakimov
Revised Revision 1 made by lierdakil at 2015-05-04T02:06:26Z
Category Text
Source repo head: git clone
this: git clone v0.1.0.2)
Uploaded by lierdakil at 2015-05-04T02:03:49Z
Distributions Arch:, NixOS:
Reverse Dependencies 1 direct, 0 indirect [details]
Executables pandoc-crossref
Downloads 48285 total (312 in the last 30 days)
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Status Docs not available [build log]
Last success reported on 2015-10-18 [all 7 reports]

Readme for pandoc-crossref-

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pandoc-crossref filter

pandoc-crossref is a pandoc filter for numbering figures, equations, tables and cross-references to them.

Input file (like can be converted into html, latex, pdf, md or other formats.

Optionally, you can use cleveref for latex/pdf output, e.g. cleveref pdf, cleveref latex

You can also enable per-chapter numbering (as with --chapters for latex output). You need to specify -M chapters for non-latex/pdf output however. Examples: html, markdown, latex, pdf.

Tested with pandoc 1.13.2.

This work is inspired by pandoc-fignos and pandoc-eqnos by @tomduck.

This package tries to use latex labels and references if output type is latex.


Syntax is loosely based on discussion in

Image labels


To label an (implicit) figure, append {#fig:label} (with label being something unique to reference this figure by) immediately after image definition.

This only works on implicit figures, i.e. an image occurring by itself in a paragraph (which will be rendered as a figure with caption by pandoc)

Image block and label can be separated by one or more spaces.

Equation labels

$$ math $$ {#eq:label}

To label a display equation, append {#eq:label} (with label being something unique to reference this equation by) immediately after math block.

This only works if display math and label specification are in a paragraph of its own.

Math block and label can be separated by one or more spaces.

Table labels

a   b   c
--- --- ---
1   2   3
4   5   6

: Caption {#tbl:label}

To label a table, append {#tbl:label} at the end of table caption (with label being something unique to reference this table by). Caption and label must be separated by at least one space.


[@fig:label1;@fig:label2;...] or [@eq:label1;@eq:label2;...] or [@tbl:label1;@tbl:label2;...] or @fig:label or @eq:label or @tbl:label

Reference syntax heavily relies on citation syntax. Basic reference is created by writing @, then basically desired label with prefix. It is also possible to reference a group of objects of the same type, by putting them into brackets with ; as separator. Sequential reference numbers will be shortened, e.g. 1,2,3 will be shortened to 1-3.


It's possible to use raw latex commands \listoffigures and \listoftables, which will produce ordered list of figure/table titles, in order of appearance in document.


Assuming you already installed Haskell platform, you can install pandoc-crossref with cabal:

cabal update
cabal install pandoc-crossref


Run pandoc with --filter option, passing path to pandoc-crossref executable, or simply pandoc-crossref, if it's in PATH:

pandoc --filter pandoc-crossref

If you installed with cabal, it's most likely located in $HOME/.cabal/bin on *NIX systems, or in %AppData%\cabal\bin on Windows.


There are several parameters that can be set via YAML metadata (either by passing -M to pandoc, or by setting it in source markdown)

Following variables are supported:

  • cref: if True, latex export will use \cref from cleveref package. It is user's responsibility to include relevant \usepackage directives in template
  • chapter: if True, number elements as chapter.item, and restart item on each first-level heading (as --chapters for latex/pdf output)
  • figureTitle, default Figure: Word(s) to prepend to figure titles, e.g. Figure 1: Description
  • tableTitle, default Table: Word(s) to prepend to table titles, e.g. Table 1: Description
  • titleDelimiter, default :: What to put between object number and caption text.
  • figPrefix, default fig.: Prefix for references to figures, e.g. fig. 1-3
  • eqnPrefix, default eq.: Prefix for references to equations, e.g. eq. 3,4
  • tblPrefix, default tbl.: Prefix for references to tables, e.g. tbl. 2
  • chapDelim, default .: Delimiter between chapter number and item number.
  • rangeDelim, default -: Delimiter between reference ranges, e.g. eq. 2-5
  • lofTitle, default # List of Figures: Title for list of figures (lof)
  • lotTitle, default # List of Tables: Title for list of tables (lot)
  • figureTemplate, default \\[figureTitle\\] \\[i\\]\\[titleDelim\\] \\[t\\]: template for figure captions, see Templates
  • tableTemplate, default \\[tableTitle\\] \\[i\\]\\[titleDelim\\] \\[t\\]: template for table captions, see Templates


pandoc-crossref supports advanced caption customization via caption templates. Templates are specified as YAML metadata variables (see Customization), and are parsed as default Pandoc Markdown. Variables are specified with display math syntax, i.e. $$var$$ in a template will be replaced with value of variable var. Variables can be specified in YAML metadata block, or from command line (with -M switch). There are two special variables, that are set internally:

  • i -- object number, possibly with chapter number (if chapter=True)
  • t -- object caption, as given in source Markdown

Settings file

It is also possible to set variables used by pandoc-crossref with a separate YAML file. If a given variable is not set in metadata, then pandoc-crossref will attempt to read it from file specified by crossrefYaml metadata variable, or, if not set, from pandoc-crossref.yaml from current working directory. This allows for reusable configurations. One possible application is ad-hoc internationalization.

For example, consider $HOME/misc/pandoc-crossref-es.yaml:

figureTitle: "Figura"
tableTitle: "Tabla"
figPrefix: "fig."
eqnPrefix: "ec."
tblPrefix: "tbl."
loftitle: "# Lista de figuras"
lotTitle: "# Lista de tablas"

One could use this with pandoc-crossref as follows:

pandoc -F pandoc-crossref.hs -M "crossrefYaml=$HOME/misc/pandoc-crossref-es.yaml"