unicode-transforms: Unicode normalization

[ bsd3, data, library, text, unicode ] [ Propose Tags ]

Fast Unicode 13.0.0 normalization in Haskell (NFC, NFKC, NFD, NFKD).


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Versions [faq] 0.1.0.1, 0.2.0, 0.2.1, 0.3.0, 0.3.1, 0.3.2, 0.3.3, 0.3.4, 0.3.5, 0.3.6, 0.3.7, 0.3.7.1 (info)
Change log Changelog.md
Dependencies base (>=4.7 && <5), bytestring (>=0.9 && <0.12), ghc-prim (>=0.2 && <0.7), text (>=1.1.1 && <1.3) [details]
License BSD-3-Clause
Copyright 2016-2017 Harendra Kumar, 2014–2015 Antonio Nikishaev
Author Harendra Kumar
Maintainer harendra.kumar@gmail.com
Category Data, Text, Unicode
Home page http://github.com/composewell/unicode-transforms
Bug tracker https://github.com/composewell/unicode-transforms/issues
Source repo head: git clone https://github.com/composewell/unicode-transforms
Uploaded by Bodigrim at 2020-10-12T18:37:46Z
Distributions Arch:0.3.7.1, Debian:0.3.4, Fedora:0.3.6, LTSHaskell:0.3.6, NixOS:0.3.7.1, Stackage:0.3.6, openSUSE:0.3.7
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Readme for unicode-transforms-0.3.7.1

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Unicode Transforms

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Fast Unicode 13.0.0 normalization in Haskell (NFC, NFKC, NFD, NFKD).

What is normalization?

Unicode characters with adornments (e.g. Á) can be represented in two different forms, as a single composed character (U+00C1 = Á) or as multiple decomposed characters (U+0041(A) U+0301( ́ ) = Á). They are differently encoded byte sequences but for humans they have exactly the same visual appearance.

A regular byte comparison may tell that two strings are different even though they might be equivalent. We need to convert both the strings in a normalized form using the Unicode Character Database before we can compare them for equivalence. For example:

>> import Data.Text.Normalize
>> normalize NFC "\193" == normalize NFC "\65\769"
True

Performance

Normalization performance comparison of this package (v0.3.7) with the text-icu package using the ICU C++ library version ICU4C 65.1 on macOS. The benchmarks compare the time taken in milliseconds to normalize files in different languages and normalization forms using both the packages. In most cases unicode-transforms outperforms ICU.

Benchmark       unicode-transforms(ms) ICU(ms)    % Diff
--------------- ---------------------- -------   --------
NFKD/Korean                       7.78   37.10    +376.87
NFD/Korean                        7.86   37.06    +371.50
NFKD/Vietnamese                   6.85   12.48     +82.20
NFKD/Deutsch                      2.17    3.55     +63.30
NFKD/English                      1.71    2.78     +62.30
NFKC/Korean                       4.77    7.65     +60.28
NFD/Deutsch                       2.24    3.53     +57.41
NFD/English                       1.76    2.77     +57.32
NFC/Vietnamese                   10.66   16.63     +56.00
NFKC/Vietnamese                  10.95   16.58     +51.43
NFD/Devanagari                    6.48    8.68     +34.10
NFC/Devanagari                    6.77    8.49     +25.48
NFD/AllChars                      6.18    7.41     +19.91
NFD/Japanese                      7.80    9.20     +17.99
NFKC/Devanagari                   7.33    8.48     +15.74
NFKD/Japanese                     8.71   10.05     +15.39
NFD/Vietnamese                    5.94    6.83     +14.99
NFKD/Devanagari                   7.59    8.68     +14.27
NFKD/AllChars                     9.80   10.66      +8.82
NFKC/Deutsch                      3.21    3.18      -0.72
NFC/Korean                        4.62    4.38      -5.35
NFKC/English                      2.21    2.06      -6.88
NFC/English                       2.19    2.04      -7.21
NFKC/AllChars                    14.67    9.75     -50.51
NFC/Deutsch                       3.02    1.95     -54.39
NFKC/Japanese                    12.46    5.42    -129.93
NFC/AllChars                      9.72    3.58    -171.63
NFC/Japanese                     11.90    3.04    -292.04

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Contributing

Please use https://github.com/harendra-kumar/unicode-transforms to raise issues, or send pull requests.