The streaming-bytestring package
This is an implementation of effectful, memory-constrained bytestrings (byte streams) and functions for streaming bytestring manipulation, adequate for non-lazy-io.
The implementation follows the details of Data.ByteString.Lazy and Data.ByteString.Lazy.Char8 in unrelenting detail, omitting only transparently non-streaming operations like reverse. It is just a question of replacing the lazy bytestring type:
data ByteString = Empty | Chunk Strict.ByteString ByteString
with the minimal effectful variant:
data ByteString m r = Empty r | Chunk Strict.ByteString (ByteString m r) | Go (m (ByteString m r))
(Constructors are necessarily hidden in internal modules in both the Lazy and the Streaming.)
That's it. As a lazy bytestring is implemented internally by a sort of list of strict bytestring chunks, a streaming bytestring is simply implemented as a producer or generator of strict bytestring chunks. Most operations are defined by simply adding a line to what we find in Data.ByteString.Lazy.
Something like this alteration of type is of course obvious and mechanical, once the idea of an effectful bytestring type is contemplated and lazy io is rejected. Indeed it seems that this is the proper expression of what was intended by lazy bytestrings to begin with. The documentation, after all, reads
"A key feature of lazy ByteStrings is the means to manipulate large or unbounded streams of data without requiring the entire sequence to be resident in memory. To take advantage of this you have to write your functions in a lazy streaming style, e.g. classic pipeline composition. The default I/O chunk size is 32k, which should be good in most circumstances."
... which is very much the idea of this library: the default chunk size for hGetContents and the like follows Data.ByteString.Lazy; operations like lines and append and so on are tailored not to increase chunk size.
The present library is thus nothing but lazy bytestring done right. The authors of Data.ByteString.Lazy must have supposed that the directly monadic formulation of such their type would necessarily make things slower. This appears to be a prejudice. For example, passing a large file of short lines through this benchmark transformation
Lazy.unlines . map (\bs -> "!" <> Lazy.drop 5 bs) . Lazy.lines Streaming.unlines . S.maps (\bs -> chunk "!" >> Streaming.drop 5 bs) . Streaming.lines
gives pleasing results like these
$ time ./benchlines lazy >> /dev/null real 0m2.097s ... $ time ./benchlines streaming >> /dev/null real 0m1.930s
For a more sophisticated operation like
Lazy.intercalate "!\n" . Lazy.lines Streaming.intercalate "!\n" . Streaming.lines
we get results like these:
time ./benchlines lazy >> /dev/null real 0m1.250s ... time ./benchlines streaming >> /dev/null real 0m1.531s
The pipes environment would express the latter as
Pipes.intercalates (Pipes.yield "!\n") . view Pipes.lines
meaning almost exactly what we mean above, but with results like this
time ./benchlines pipes >> /dev/null real 0m6.353s
The difference, however, is emphatically not intrinsic to pipes; it is just that this library depends the streaming library, which is used in place of free to express the "perfectly streaming" splitting and iterated division or chunking of byte streams.
These concepts belong to the ABCs of streaming; lines is just a textbook example, and it is of course handled correctly in Data.ByteString.Lazy. But the concepts are catastrophically mishandled in all streaming io libraries other than pipes. Already the enumerator and iteratee libraries were completely defeated by lines: see e.g. the enumerator implementation of splitWhen and lines. This will concatenate strict text forever, if that's what is coming in. The rot spreads from there. It is just a fact that in all of the general streaming io frameworks other than pipes,it becomes torture to express elementary distinctions that are transparently and immediately contained in any idea of streaming whatsoever.
Though, as was said above, we barely alter signatures in Data.ByteString.Lazy more than is required by the types, the point of view that emerges is very much that of pipes-bytestring and pipes-group. In particular we have these correspondences:
Lazy.splitAt :: Int -> ByteString -> (ByteString, ByteString) Streaming.splitAt :: Int -> ByteString m r -> ByteString m (ByteString m r) Pipes.splitAt :: Int -> Producer ByteString m r -> Producer ByteString m (Producer ByteString m r)
Lazy.lines :: ByteString -> [ByteString] Streaming.lines :: ByteString m r -> Stream (ByteString m) m r Pipes.lines :: Producer ByteString m r -> FreeT (Producer ByteString m) m r
where the Stream type expresses the sequencing of ByteString m _ layers with the usual 'free monad' sequencing.
Interoperation with pipes-bytestring uses this isomorphism:
Streaming.ByteString.unfoldrChunks Pipes.next :: Monad m => Producer ByteString m r -> ByteString m r Pipes.unfoldr Streaming.ByteString.nextChunk :: Monad m => ByteString m r -> Producer ByteString m r
Interoperation with io-streams is thus:
IOStreams.unfoldM Streaming.ByteString.unconsChunk :: ByteString IO () -> IO (InputStream ByteString) Streaming.ByteString.reread IOStreams.read :: InputStream ByteString -> ByteString IO ()
and similarly for other rational streaming io libraries.
Problems and questions about the library can be put as issues on the github page, or mailed to the pipes list.
A tutorial module is in the works; here, for the moment, is a sequence of simplified implementations of familiar shell utilities. The same programs are implemented at the end of the excellent io-streams tutorial. It is generally much simpler; in some case simpler than what you would write with lazy bytestrings. Here is a simple GET request that returns a byte stream.
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|Versions||0.1.0.0, 0.1.0.1, 0.1.0.2, 0.1.0.3, 0.1.0.4, 0.1.0.5, 0.1.0.6, 0.1.0.7, 0.1.0.8, 0.1.1.0, 0.1.2.0, 0.1.2.2, 0.1.3.0, 0.1.4.0, 0.1.4.2, 0.1.4.3, 0.1.4.4, 0.1.4.5, 0.1.4.6 (info)|
|Dependencies||base (<5.0), bytestring, bytestring-builder, deepseq, exceptions, mmorph (>=1.0 && <1.2), mtl (>=2.1 && <2.3), resourcet, streaming (>=0.1.4.0 && <0.1.4.8), transformers (>=0.3 && <0.6), transformers-base [details]|
|Category||Data, Pipes, Streaming|
|Source repository||head: git clone https://github.com/michaelt/streaming-bytestring|
|Uploaded||Tue Jan 17 08:13:30 UTC 2017 by MichaelThompson|
|Distributions||LTSHaskell:0.1.4.6, NixOS:0.1.4.6, Stackage:0.1.4.6, Tumbleweed:0.1.4.6|
|Downloads||1217 total (16 in the last 30 days)|
|Status||Docs uploaded by user
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