# scientific: Numbers represented using scientific notation

[ bsd3, data, library ] [ Propose Tags ]

Data.Scientific provides a space efficient and arbitrary precision scientific number type.

Scientific numbers are represented using scientific notation. It uses a coefficient c :: Integer and a base-10 exponent e :: Int (do note that since we're using an Int to represent the exponent these numbers aren't truly arbitrary precision). A scientific number corresponds to the Fractional number: fromInteger c * 10 ^^ e.

The main application of Scientific is to be used as the target of parsing arbitrary precision numbers coming from an untrusted source. The advantages over using Rational for this are that:

• A Scientific is more efficient to construct. Rational numbers need to be constructed using % which has to compute the gcd of the numerator and denominator.

• Scientific is safe against numbers with huge exponents. For example: 1e1000000000 :: Rational will fill up all space and crash your program. Scientific works as expected:

> read "1e1000000000" :: Scientific
1.0e1000000000
• Also, the space usage of converting scientific numbers with huge exponents to Integrals (like: Int) or RealFloats (like: Double or Float) will always be bounded by the target type.

Versions 0.0.0.0, 0.0.0.1, 0.0.0.2, 0.1.0.0, 0.1.0.1, 0.2.0.0, 0.2.0.1, 0.2.0.2, 0.3.0.0, 0.3.0.1, 0.3.0.2, 0.3.1.0, 0.3.2.0, 0.3.2.1, 0.3.2.2, 0.3.3.0, 0.3.3.1, 0.3.3.2, 0.3.3.3, 0.3.3.4, 0.3.3.5, 0.3.3.6, 0.3.3.7, 0.3.3.8, 0.3.4.0, 0.3.4.1, 0.3.4.2, 0.3.4.3, 0.3.4.4, 0.3.4.5, 0.3.4.6, 0.3.4.7, 0.3.4.8, 0.3.4.9, 0.3.4.10, 0.3.4.11, 0.3.4.12, 0.3.4.13, 0.3.4.14, 0.3.4.15, 0.3.5.0, 0.3.5.1, 0.3.5.2, 0.3.5.3, 0.3.6.0, 0.3.6.1, 0.3.6.2 changelog array (>=0.1 && <0.6), base (>=4.3 && <4.9), bytestring (==0.10.*), deepseq (>=1.3 && <1.5), ghc-prim, hashable (>=1.1.2 && <1.3), integer-gmp, integer-simple, text (>=0.8 && <1.3) [details] BSD-3-Clause Bas van Dijk Bas van Dijk Data https://github.com/basvandijk/scientific https://github.com/basvandijk/scientific/issues head: git clone git://github.com/basvandijk/scientific.git by BasVanDijk at Tue Jan 20 08:06:02 UTC 2015 Arch:0.3.6.2, Debian:0.3.6.2, Fedora:0.3.6.2, FreeBSD:0.3.3.8, LTSHaskell:0.3.6.2, NixOS:0.3.6.2, Stackage:0.3.6.2, openSUSE:0.3.6.2 336633 total (531 in the last 30 days) 1.75 (votes: 2) [estimated by rule of succession] λ λ λ Docs available Last success reported on 2015-06-07 Hackage Matrix CI

[Index]

## Flags

NameDescriptionDefaultType
bytestring-builder

Provide the Data.ByteString.Builder.Scientific module (requires bytestring >= 0.10)

EnabledManual
integer-simple

Use the integer-simple package instead of integer-gmp

DisabledAutomatic

Use -f <flag> to enable a flag, or -f -<flag> to disable that flag. More info