# semigroups: Anything that associates

[ algebra, bsd3, data, data-structures, library, math ] [ Propose Tags ]

In mathematics, a semigroup is an algebraic structure consisting of a set together with an associative binary operation. A semigroup generalizes a monoid in that there might not exist an identity element. It also (originally) generalized a group (a monoid with all inverses) to a type where every element did not have to have an inverse, thus the name semigroup.

Versions [faq] 0.1.0, 0.2.0, 0.3.0, 0.3.1, 0.3.2, 0.3.3, 0.3.4, 0.3.4.1, 0.3.4.2, 0.4.0, 0.5.0, 0.5.0.1, 0.5.0.2, 0.6, 0.6.1, 0.7.0, 0.7.1, 0.7.1.1, 0.7.1.2, 0.8, 0.8.0.1, 0.8.2, 0.8.3, 0.8.3.1, 0.8.3.2, 0.8.4, 0.8.4.1, 0.8.5, 0.9, 0.9.1, 0.9.2, 0.10, 0.11, 0.12, 0.12.0.1, 0.12.1, 0.12.2, 0.13, 0.13.0.1, 0.14, 0.15, 0.15.1, 0.15.2, 0.15.3, 0.15.4, 0.16, 0.16.0.1, 0.16.1, 0.16.2, 0.16.2.1, 0.16.2.2, 0.17, 0.17.0.1, 0.18, 0.18.0.1, 0.18.1, 0.18.2, 0.18.3, 0.18.4, 0.18.5, 0.19, 0.19.1 base (>=2 && <5), bytestring (>=0.9 && <0.11), containers (>=0.3 && <0.6), hashable (>=1.1 && <1.3), nats (>=0.1 && <1), text (>=0.10 && <1.1), unordered-containers (==0.2.*) [details] BSD-3-Clause Copyright (C) 2011-2013 Edward A. Kmett Edward A. Kmett Edward A. Kmett Algebra, Data, Data Structures, Math http://github.com/ekmett/semigroups/ http://github.com/ekmett/semigroups/issues head: git clone git://github.com/ekmett/semigroups.git by EdwardKmett at Mon Dec 9 05:43:10 UTC 2013 Debian:0.18.5, Fedora:0.18.5, FreeBSD:0.16.2.2, LTSHaskell:0.18.5, NixOS:0.19.1, Stackage:0.18.5, openSUSE:0.19.1 406547 total (2238 in the last 30 days) 2.75 (votes: 9) [estimated by Bayesian average] λ λ λ Docs available Successful builds reported

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# semigroups

Haskellers are usually familiar with monoids. A monoid has an appending operation <> or mappend and an identity element mempty. A Semigroup has an append <>, but does not require an mempty element. A Monoid can be made a Semigroup with just instance Semigroup MyMonoid

More formally, a semigroup is an algebraic structure consisting of a set together with an associative binary operation. A semigroup generalizes a monoid in that there might not exist an identity element. It also (originally) generalized a group (a monoid with all inverses) to a type where every element did not have to have an inverse, thus the name semigroup.

Semigroups appear all over the place, except in the Haskell Prelude, so they are packaged here.

## Contact Information

Contributions and bug reports are welcome!

Please feel free to contact me through github or on the #haskell IRC channel on irc.freenode.net.

-Edward Kmett